Inguinal Hernia

inguinal herniaA groin or inguinal hernia can occur on one or both sides of the groin or scrotum. An inguinal hernia may be unilateral, occurring on one side of the groin, or bilateral, occurring on both sides of the groin. The majority of hernias are in this area and are most common in men. About 70% of inguinal hernias are indirect. This type of hernia occurs in a natural weak spot of the groin around the spermatic cord. About 30% of inguinal hernias are direct. This type of hernia occurs from weak tissue being aggravated by straining or lifting over time.

Treatment Options

Any one of these hernias may be recurrent. This means that a previously repaired hernia has returned. People with especially weak abdominal walls or multiple surgical sites may simultaneously suffer from a combination of types of hernias.

Hundreds of thousands of hernia repair operations are performed each year both with and without surgical mesh, and patients generally recover quickly and do well after surgery. However, all surgical procedures are associated with some risk. Speak to your surgeon prior to surgery about possible risks and complications. Some of the possible complications include adverse reactions to the mesh, adhesions (bands of scar-like tissue) and injuries to nearby organs, nerves or blood vessels. Other complications of hernia repair can occur with or without the mesh, including infection, chronic pain and hernia recurrence.

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